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    Forage Seed 2019Brassica ManagementPPICatch CropsLawn Seed & AmenityForage Options

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      Red Clover

      Red clover is a nitrogen fixing perennial legume used for high quality, high protein silage production, for finishing stock or as a break crop to improve soil structure and fertility.
      Red clover has little or no winter growth, but has good tolerance to winter cold and good drought resistance. It only grows from its crown, and so requires careful management to ensure good persistence. Modern varieties, such as AberClaret and AberChianti are capable of lasting 4 to 5 years.

      Red clover is a nitrogen fixing perennial legume used for high quality, high protein silage production, for finishing stock or as a break crop to improve soil structure and fertility.
      Red clover has little or no winter growth, but has good tolerance to winter cold and good drought resistance. It only grows from its crown, and so requires careful management to ensure good persistence.

      Sowing rate      16kg/acre (4kg Red Clover and 12kg tetraploid perennial ryegrass) (40kg/ha)

      Sowing Time     April – late July

      Sowing Depth   10 -15mm

      Sowing Instructions      Cultivate to achieve a fine, firm seed bed. Ploughing will help level rough fields. Sow in good conditions (warm with rain forecast), no deeper than 10-15mm. Roll well after sowing to ensure good soil/seed contact.

      After sowing     Monitor for pest attack and take immediate action where necessary.  Post emergence spray will be necessary but ensure you use a clover safe spray.

       

      Conservation Management: As the crown is above the ground, damage must be avoided to ensure plant survival. If the crown is damaged the plant will die. In wet weather avoid heavy machinery and poaching of the established crop.

      • Cutting height for silage should be >7cm
      • Swards can be grazed lightly in the autumn of the sowing year
      • Cut when approximately 50% of the plants show red flowers to optimise quality
      • Ensile at 25-30% DM to minimise losses
      • Lightly graze autumn regrowths
      • No Nitrogen is required, apply P and K as per soil test results

       

      Grazing management

      • Although better suited to conservation, red-clover swards can be grazed in the backend, grazing height should be >5cm.
      • Red clover presents the risk of bloat, avoid turning out hungry animals or those not accustomed to red clover and monitor animals carefully
      • Avoid grazing red clover with ewes six weeks either side of tupping
      • Avoid grazing in wet conditions to minimise damage to the plant and the risk of bloat

       

      Uses

      Dairy – Y

      Cattle – Y

      Sheep – Y